The National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR) publishes Polar science, a quarterly peer-reviewed journal dealing with polar science in collaboration with Elsevier BV. The most recent special issue (vol. 30 published on December 8, 2021) was entitled “Polar Studies – Window to the Changing Earth”, which was to commemorate four decades of India’s activities in polar research and its international scientific collaborations . India holds the 10and Open scientific conference of the SCAR (Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research) from 01st at 10and August 2022, commemorating India’s 75th anniversaryand Independence year. In the special issue, 34 high-quality articles have been compiled from topical results of polar studies conducted by India. The full text of this issue will be freely accessible worldwide until July 21, 2022.
The polar regions, the Arctic, the Antarctic, the Himalayas and the Southern Ocean, are essential components of the global climate system. While changes in the polar zones affect the lower latitude regions where human societies are concentrated, human activities also affect the polar regions, as follows.
- The Arctic：We know that global warming is progressing twice as fast in the Arctic as the global average. It has also been discovered that the Arctic and the atmosphere above it significantly influence weather patterns at lower latitudes.
- Antarctica：Antarctica is the least impacted region on Earth by human activity, as it is protected from development by a human under geographic isolation. Since ancient environments have been recorded in Antarctica through multiple means, Antarctica is gaining more attention for understanding the paleoclimate and reconstructing the future through various approaches. On the other hand, in recent years, the impact of human activities is being realized, such as the melting of the ice cap, which is the largest reservoir of fresh water in the world.
However, the polar regions are the least understood environments on Earth due to their remoteness from human society and harsh climate. To contribute to the advancement of polar research, India has been actively engaged in Antarctica for over four decades. Since the first national research institute, more than 20 years of efforts have promoted research. This research organization was reorganized into the National Center for Polar and Marine Research (NCPOR), which today conducts world-class research. Based on research stations in the Arctic, Antarctica and the Himalayan highlands, NCPOR works on a comprehensive understanding of the three polar regions.
“It should be noted that NCPOR also has a research base in the Himalayas,” said NCPOR Scientist E Dr. Avinash Kumar, guest editor of this special issue. “The Himalayas are the third polar region, located at low and mid-latitudes close to human life. Understanding climate change in this region is key to estimating the impact of ongoing global warming. The NCPOR is truly a trans-hemispheric organization with research bases in the Arctic (Himadri), Antarctica (Maitri and Bharati) and Himalayas (Himansh) India is currently exploring the three poles holistically and their role in the ocean governance, atmospheric connections and long-term implications for the Indian subcontinent.
In the previous special issue of India (Flight. 18 published in 2018) published by the NIPR, 23 papers were selected from a number of India-related research outputs focusing on polar meteorological science. The final issue was intended to understand ocean science – atmospheric, paleoclimatic conditions, and biogeochemical processes in the polar and surrounding ocean realms. Also, it coincides with the completion of India’s 75 years of independence celebrated as “Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav (Elixir of Freedom Festival)” and SCAR’s first Open Science Conference in India in August 2022.
“We are confident that the reports from the series of Indian-led polar research projects will provide us with many opportunities to develop new interdisciplinary global collaborations,” said Dr Kumar.
About Polar Science Volume 30 Special Issue
Title: Polar Studies – Window on the Changing Earth
Guest Editor: Avinash Kumar
Guest editors: Satoshi Imura, Seong-Joong Kim, Kottekkattu Padinchati, Krishnan, Rahul Mohan, Naresh Chandra Pant, John Turner
About Polar Science
Polar Science is a comprehensive peer-reviewed academic journal relating to the polar regions of Earth and other planets, which the NIPR began publishing in collaboration with Elsevier BV in 2007. The main purpose of this journal is to inform people on polar science. Currently, over 100 papers are submitted each year. As a result, this journal is recognized globally as one of the few comprehensive academic journals in the field of polar science. In addition to the normal issues, Polar Science publishes a special issue each year on a given topic in various fields.
The main features of Polar Science are summarized as follows.
- Polar Science is an international academic journal with an impact factor of 1.927 as of 2020
- Polar science covers 15 disciplines related to Antarctica and the Arctic, such as:
– Physics of space and upper atmosphere
– Atmospheric sciences/Climatology
– Oceanography/Sea ice studies
– Solid Soil Geophysics/Seismology
– Marine Earth Sciences
– Geomorphology/Cenozoic-Quaternary Geology
– Terrestrial biology
– Marine biology
– Animal ecology
– Polar Engineering
– Humanities and Social Sciences
- Polar Science maintains an open archive where published articles are made freely available by ScienceDirect after an embargo period of 24 months from the date of publication.
- Printed products are also published.
- After Polar Science became an open archive in 2016, the number of article downloads has grown rapidly since then. Currently, more than 180,000 documents are used (PDF download and HTML views) each year.
About the National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR)
The NIPR engages in extensive research via observing stations in the Arctic and Antarctic. As a member of the Research Information and Systems Organization (ROIS), NIPR provides researchers across Japan with infrastructural support for Arctic and Antarctic observations, plans and implements implements Japan’s Antarctic observation projects and conducts Arctic research in various scientific fields such as the atmosphere. , the ice caps, the ecosystem, the upper atmosphere, the aurora borealis and the earth’s magnetic field. In addition to research projects, the NIPR also organizes the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition and manages the samples and data obtained during these expeditions and projects. As a central institution in polar region research, NIPR also offers graduate students a global perspective on originality through its doctoral program. For more information on the NIPR, please visit: https://www.nipr.ac.jp/english/
About the Research Organization on Information and Systems (ROIS)
KINGS is a parent organization of four national institutes (National Institute of Polar Research, National Institute of Computing, Institute of Mathematical Statistics and National Institute of Genetics) and the Joint Support Center for Data Science Research. The mission of the ROIS is to promote cutting-edge integrated research that goes beyond the barriers of these institutions, in addition to facilitating their research activities, as members of interuniversity research institutes.
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